Supporters of nonhuman experimentation often argue that,
i) A practice that directly benefits human health and well-being is morally okay — assuming that it does not violate other morally important principles, values, rights, entitlements, etc., in the process.
ii) Experimenting on nonhumans directly benefits human health and well-being. For example, penicillin, blood transfusions, tuberculosis, asthma, etc.
iii) Experimenting on nonhumans does not violate other morally important principles, values, rights, etc.
C ) Thus, experimenting on nonhumans is morally okay.
Most opponents to nonhuman experimentation accept premise (i) and focus on falsifying or casting doubt on-premises (ii) & (iii).
Opponents attempt to cast doubt on-premise (ii) by providing alternative interpretations of the supposed “facts” leading up to the development of a medicine, technique, etc., that has directly benefited human health and well-being. For example, opponents to nonhuman experimentation will often claim that nothing of direct human benefit was learned and/or discovered in penicillin research until actual human trials were performed and that the detour through nonhuman experimentation was in fact an unhelpful, and in some cases dangerous, tangent. See Monkey Business 2 for examples of this form of counter-interpretation reasoning.
Opponents attempt to cast doubt on-premise (iii) by providing various morally important principles, values, etc., that are supposedly violated by nonhuman experimentation. For example, some have claimed that nonhuman experimentation violates the ‘Golden Rule’, that it is un-kind, not compassionate, indecent, etc. Others have claimed that nonhuman experimentation is speciesist and therefore just as morally terrible as racism, sexism, ageism, etc. Finally, some have claimed that nonhuman experimentation violates various ‘rights’ that all creatures possess, e.g., the right ‘to be left alone’, the right ‘to not be used as a mere means to someone else’s ends’, etc.
See Experimenting for a Healthier Human World (SE) Parts 1 & 2 for more details.
This week’s questions:
1) Assuming that human health and well-being sometimes directly benefits from nonhuman experimentation, are such benefits enough to morally justify and/or cancel out much of the nonhuman pain, suffering, etc., that sometimes results from nonhuman experimentation? If so, why so? If not, why not?
2) Does the practice of nonhuman experimentation seem to violate the ‘Golden Rule’ i.e., to ‘do unto others as you would have them do unto you’? If so, then is violating this rule sufficient to say that the practice of nonhuman experimentation is immoral? Your reasoning?
3) Does the practice of nonhuman experimentation seem to violate one or more morally important values, e.g., kindness, compassion, decency, respect, etc.? Your reasoning?
4) Does the practice of nonhuman experimentation seem especially speciesist and in turn just as morally suspect/bad as racism, sexism, etc.? Your reasoning?
5) Finally, does the practice of nonhuman experimentation seem to violate one or more ‘rights’ that all creatures inherently have, e.g., the right ‘to be left alone’, the right ‘to not be used as a mere means to someone else’s ends’ etc.? Your reasoning?
As the best, my homework help website in the world, Writersabc.com strives to deliver only high-quality finished papers to all customers. We value impeccable quality and guarantee that we will deliver on that promise more than anything else. We will deliver!
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.
Have you received your finished paper but are not satisfied with what our writer submitted? You can initiate our money-back guarantee to get your money back with no strings attached.Read more
Writersabc.com is the best my homework help website in the world. At WritersABC, we have a team of certified, tried, and tested writers who work around the clock to ensure that you receive only high-quality, 100% original finished papers.Read more
At WritersABC, we guarantee all our customers of the best essay writing service in the writing industry. And that’s precisely what we strive to deliver. As such, we encourage all our customers to utilize our unlimited free-revision policy if you aren’t satisfied with your paper. Don’t accept any paper until you are 100% satisfied with it.Read more
We value the trust that our clients accord us and respect every customers’ rights to personal data protection. We will never share, sell, or rent any information that we collect from you with any third parties. Both your personal and financial information is safe with us.Read more
We have only gotten this far with the help of our loyal customers and a team of dedicated experts. As the best, my homework help website, WritersABC implores customers to help make our writers’ work easier. Visit our fair-cooperation guarantee for more information on the same.Read more